̲ز Ͳ
 
  .2.7-96-2000
( 7473-94)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  ,  
  
 
 
 2000

 
 
 1 
 -, -  
     ()  
  -  --
   ,   
   ()  .
 
 
 ̳ 
 
 2 
 ̳ -    
     () 17 
 1994 .
 
    :
 
---------------------------------------------------------------
  蠠 |  
 |  
 | 
---------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ |
 ³ | 
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 ࠠ | ̳
  |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
 ࠠ |
----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | ̳
  |
----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
  |
----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
  |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
 
 
 
    IJ
     23.02.2000 . 33
    6266-89
 
 
 
         
,       
  .
 
 
 
 

 
     
 
 
 
1   ................................ 4
2   ............................... 4
3  ....................................... 4
4   ..................................... 5
5   .................................. 9
6   .................................... 10
7   ....................... 10
 
   ......................... 12
 
    
      
  ......................................... 14
 
    
      
  䳿 ..................................... 15
 
    
  .......................................... 16
 
      ................ 17
 
    
 ,     
   20 .  30 . ( 
  18-20 .) ................................ 19
 
 

 
  
 
 
 
̲ز Ͳ
 
  .2.7-96-2000
(  7473-94 )
 
Building materials
Ready-mixed concrete.
Specifications
 
   2000-07-01
 1  
 
        -
    ,    -
   ',      
,      
       
      
  .
        
     , , 
  '     .
 ,     3-7  , 
'.
     .
 
 2 Ͳ 
 
      .
 
 3 Բֲ
 
 3.1       :
 -  ,    ();
 -    ().
 3.2       
    :  (), 고 () 
 ().
      .
 3.3       
       -
  ,       , -
  , , , -
  (  )    .
       
        25,  
 1,  F200  
W4:
  25 1 F200 W4
 Ӡ  .2.7-96-200
        :
  25 1 F200 W4
   .2.7-96-2000
 

     ,   , 
     12,5,    2,
 F200,  W2   
D900:
   12,5 2 F200 W2 D900
   .2.7-96-2000
        :
   12,5 2 F200 W2 D900
 Ӡ  .2.7-96-2000
 
 4 ͲͲ 
 
 4.1        
   ,    -
 .
 4.2       
蠠 蠠 ࠠ ,  ,
   ( )  
 ,  .
 4.3      :
 - ;
 -  ;
 - '젠   -  (
 );
 -    :
, , '   (
).
 
 4.4        -
    ,    -
,    .
 4.5     򳠠  
     1.
 
  1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |    젠 |
|  |     |
|   |--------------------------------------------|
| |  | 򳠠 |
| | , | , |
| | 񠠠 | CM |
| | |-------------------------------|
| | | |  |
| | |  |  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |
|  蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ǡ |堠 | - | - |
| Ǡ | 100 | | |
| |堠 | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | 51-100 | - | - |
| 2 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1 |  堠 | - | - |
| 1 |50 | | |
| |  堠 | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------

   1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |
|  蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| 4 | 31-60 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ǡ | 21-30 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | 11-20 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1 | 5-10 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |
|  蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| 1 |   | 1-4 | - |
| 1 | 4 | | |
| |   | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | | | |
| 2 | - | 5-9 | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ǡ | - | 10-15 | - |
| Ǡ | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 4 | - | 16-20 | 26-20 |
| 4 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5 | - |   |   |
| 5 | | 21 | 31 |
| | |  堠 |   |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 4.6    ( 
)    ,   
 2.
 

 
 2
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|  ࠠ | , %  堠 |
| | , %  堠 |
|   |-------------------------------------------|
|  |  |  |
| |  | 堠 |
| |-------------------------------------------|
| | |  |  |
| | |  |  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| -1 | 0-0,1 | 2 | 3 |
| -1 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 4-1 | 0-0,2 | 3 | 4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1-2 | 0-0,4 | 3 | 4 |
| 1-2 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| -5 | 0-0,8 | 4 | 6 |
| -5 | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 
         -
       
蠠 (-, )   
  .
 4.7       -
        
(, , ).
      -
   ,   
 .
 4.8    ,   '
    (  
),  砠 蠠 
-     -
,         
   .
 4.9      Ҡ 27006.
 4.10    砠 젠 ,
        
   v     .2-743  
 .2.7-18.
        
-  23732.
        
  0,1 %.
 
       -
 , 고    
,       / 
  糠    (͠ .
1.4-1.01, ͠ . 1.4-2.01).
 4.11        
 (  , 고   ' 
  ).
 
 

 г      '.
      
   䳿     ,
   ,     -
 +1 %,  +2 %.
       -
 +2 %  '.
 
      5 3/
 '       -
 .
 4.12        
      䳿.
       1-5,1   -
    12,5     D1600  ,
   1-5  1   
 .
        䳿.
 4.13      , 
, .
          -
     .
     ,     
,       50-70%
  ,    30 ,  
       ,  -
.
    70 .,   -
   :
 -     - ,  , -
;
 -     - , -
,  , ,  .
 
 4.14     
 (      
       ) 
   ,      -
 -       .
 
 4.15 
 4.15.1    .     
   :
 -    ;
 -     ;
 -   ( , 蠠 ࠠ 
    젠 );
 -  ,     
 ,      
     ;
 -  ()     ,  (/2);
 - ' ,     , ;
 -    , /;
 -   , ;
 -  , ;
 - , ;
 -    .
 

 4.15.2    ,  
,         .
.
 
 4.16 
 4.16.1        
   10354   8      Ҡ 2226
  40 .
 ̳       ,  -
       
   5 ..
 
 5  
 
 5.1       
.
   .     
   ,    27006, -
      㳺.
 '       ,
堠 堠 堠  󠠠 .
 5.2      򳿠 -
          15
          
  20    .
 ̳       
 .
 , ,    -
  ,  ,     -
      ,  
  .
 5.3  ,    
 '      (
)       , 
  ( ) -      ,
   -      .
 5.4 -㳺  ,  -
    ,   
 ,   -
  .
        
    ,      -
 ຠ    () 
  ͠ .14-1.01   .1.4-2.01.
 5.5       
 ,        
5.2-5.4,      .
 
 5.6        '.
'  ,   ,  
       
,       -
.       -
 .
 5.7  ຠ  蠠  
         -
 ,      101811.
 

 5.8       
      '
         3 
 .
    蠠   
  '    
    .
 
 6 Ƞ 
 
 6.1        -
  10181.0   10180.
 6.2       
        
.
       
        
 .
       
       ͠ .
1.4-1-01   . 1.4-2.01.
 
 6.3    (  -
       ,  -  -
 ,  -   -  ), -
  ࠠ 򳠠  ࠠ 
10181.0- 10181.4.
 
  頠 (, 
, '  )   Ҡ 10181.1
- 10181.3      , -
   .
 
 6.4      -
,         5 .
 
 6.5 ̳     10180,  17624, 
22690,     18105;    -
    12730.1   17623,    - 
 27005,      .2.7-47, Ӡ 
.2.7-48,   .2.7-49,   .2.7-50  Ӡ  .2.7-51,
 -  Ҡ 12730.5.
 
 7   в
 
 7.1     Ⳡ 
 ,    .
 
       
  .
 
     ,   
.
 
 7.2     
       ,
 ,   ,   -
          -
 .
 

     
,   ,     -
    .
 
 7.3     6    -
.
 ϳ     ࠠ 
     . Ӡ 
      .
 
 

 
  
 (  )
  
 
 
 2226-88  .  
 
  .2.7-47-96 . 蠠 : 10060-87 . 
( 10060.0-95)  : 
  : .
   :
 
 
   .2.7-48-96 .  :
 ( 10060.1-95)   :
  :
 
  .2.7-49-96 .:
 ( 10060.2-95)  :
  :
  -:
   :
   :
 
 
  .2.7-50-96 .-:
( 10060.3-95)   -:
  - :
  -:
 򳠠 :
 
  .2.7-51-96 . :
 - :
( 10060.4-95)   :
  :
  - :
 򳠠 :
 
 10180-90 .    
  
 10181.0-81  .   
  
 10181.1-81  .  
 
 10181.2-81  .  
 
 10181.3-81  .   
 19181.4-81  .  
 
 10354-82  .  
 12730.1-78 .   
 12730.5-84 .   
 17624-87 .   
 
 18105-86 .   
 22690-88 .   
   
 23732-79     .
  

  .2.7-18-95  .  25820-83  .
   
 
 
  .2.7-43-96  .  26633-91  
  蠠  -
 .
 
 
 
 27005-86    .  
  
 27006-86 .   
 
..1.4-1.01-97  :  30208-94   -
   -
 蠠 .
  . 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 .1.4-2-01-97  :  30108-94  
  :  -
  : . -
  :  -
 '⠠ :  -
  :  -
 :  -
 : 
 
 
 

  
 ()
 
     
      
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|̳ |   |
|   |  , |
|  | 񠠠 |
|   |---------------------------------------------|
| , 렠 |  |   - |
| |  |  䳿  |
| | ꠠ |    |
| | - |  - |
| | |  |
| | | |
| |  |   |
| |  |  |
| |   |  |
| |- |    |
| |蠠 |   - |
| | | 蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| |1,1| 2 | 3-5 | |
| |1,1| 2 | 3-5 | |
------------------------------------------------------------------|
  堠 | | | | |
 750 | 90 | 75 | 60 | 50 |
  堠 | | | | |
 | | | | |
------------------------------------------------------------------|
䠠 | | | | |
 750  1500 | 120 | 105 | 90 | 50 |
堠 | | | | |
------------------------------------------------------------------|
 | | | | |
䠠 | | | | |
 1500 | 150 | 135 | 120 | 50 |
堠 | | | | |
 | | | | |
------------------------------------------------------------------|
.       |
 ,   4.12,    |
 |
.     |
   ,  4.12, 򠠠 |
  堠 |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 

 
  
 ()
 
     
       䳿
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|'  |  , , 蠠 |
|  |   󠠠 |
|  |  , , |
|  |    , |
|  | / 3 |
| , 렠 |------------------------------------------------|
| |  | 1400-1600| 1000-1400 |   |
| |1600 | | |1000 |
| |   | | |  堠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  堠 | | | | |
|750 | 105 | 120 | 150 | 180 |
|  堠 | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|䠠 | | | | |
| 750  1500 | 120 | 150 | 180 | 210 |
|堠 | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|䠠 | | | | |
| 1500 | 135 | 180 | 210 | 240 |
|堠 | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|.       |
|    1.    2, , 4 |
| 5     15, 30, 45  50 |
| .    1, 2,   4  - |
|   15, 30, 45  60  . |
|.     |
|      1.   ꠠ |
|2, , 4  5     15, |
|30, 45  50  .    1, 2,   4 |
|    15, 30, 45  60 |
| . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 

 
   ()
     
------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |    
|  蠠 |    
|------------------------------------------------------------------
| | -1| 4-2| 1-2 | -5 |
| | -1| | 1-2 | -5 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ⠠ | | | | |
|  | 0,92-0,93|0,95-0,96| 0,96-0,97|0,97-0,98 |
|  ⠠ | | | | |
|  | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | | | | |
|⠠ |0,93-0,94 | | 0,97-0,98| 0,98-0,99|
|  | | | | |
|⠠ | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | | | |
| ⠠ | - |0,94-0,96| | |
|  - | | | | |
| ⠠ | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|  - | | | | |
|-| | | | |
|⠠ | |0,96-0,97| | |
|  - | | | | |
|--| | | | |
| ⠠ | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|.    ⠠ |
|     ,  |
|    . |
|.    ⠠ |
|     , 頠 |
|    . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 

   (')
 
     
     
 
  -
  - ___________________________
 
 , ,  
 , ,   ______________________________
 
 
  ____________________________________________________
 
       
       堠 _________________
 
 
     -  
  ,  ()
     -  
  ,  ()
___________________________________________________________________
    
    蠠 __________________________________
 
   ( ,    
    )
 
   ( ,    
    ) __________________________
 
      
       ____________________________
 
  ()       
  ()      
 _________________________________________________________
 _________________________________________________________________
 
    ( )
    ( ) __________________
 
    , %
    , % _________________________
 
   ,  (/2)
   ,  (/2) ________________________
 
     
 (  ), / 3
     
 (  ), / 3 ______________________________________
 
    , %
 
    , % _______________________
 

,  (') , /
 ,  ()  / _________________________
        
     , /
       
      , /
 
 __________________________________________________________________
 
   , 
   ,  _____________________________
 
 
  < __ > _________ 2000 .
 
  < __ > _________ 2000 .
 
   ()
   () ______________
 ..
 
  
  蠠 ______________
 ..
 
 

  
 ()
 
     ,
   ,     20
  30 .  (   18-20 .)
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   | - |  | - |
|  - | |, |, |
|  |. | /䠠 |  |
|   | - |  | |
|  -| - |,|, |
| 蠠 | | / |  |
| | | |-------------------|
| | | |-|-|
| | | | |- |
| | | |-|젠 |
| | | | |-|
| | | | |- |
| | | | |젠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2-1 |堠 | 30 | 210 | 60 |
| 1 1 |堠 | | 210 | 60 |
| 2 2 |(- | | 150 | 40 |
|-5 -5 |堠 | | 90 | 30 |
| |- | | | |
| | | | | |
| |- | | | |
| |堠 | | | |
| |- | | | |
| |) | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2-1 | '堠 | 15 | 60 | 40 |
| 1 | 堠 | | 45 | 30 |
| 1 |( | | 30 | 20 |
| 2 |) | | 20 |( -|
| 2 | | | | -|
| -5 | | | | -|
| -5 | | | | ) |
| | | | |( -|
| | | | | -|
| | | | | - |
| | | | | ) |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|.       |
|     |
| . |
|.        |
|   򠠠 |
| . |
-------------------------------------------------------------------

 
 
 ʠ 13  
 
  :  ,  ,
 ,  ,  , 
 , , .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
  .2.7-96-2000 ( 7473-94)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 7473-94
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 -   
    
 
 2000
 
 
 

 
 
 1 
 -, -  -
     ()   -
 -  
 ,     -
 ()   ͠   2
  -   -
      () 17 -
 1994 .    :
 
---------------------------------------------------------------
 堠 |  
 ࠠ |  
 | 
---------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ |
  | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
  |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  | 
 ࠠ |
----------------------------------------------------------------
  | 
  |
----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
  |
----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
  |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | 
 
 
 
 3   7473-85
 
       
   ,    
      
 .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
          
 
1   ........................................ 4
2   ........................................ 4
3  ............................................. 4
4   .................................... 5
5   ........................................... 9
6   ........................................... 10
7   ............................... 10
 
   ................................... 12
 
     
       .......... 14
 
    
       
  .................................................. 15
 
    
  ................................................ 16
 
      ........................ 17
 
    
 ,       
 20  30 . (   18-20 .) ...... 19
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  .2.7-96-2000
(  7473-94 )
 
Building materials
Ready-mixed concrete.
Specifications
 
   1996-01-01
 
 
 1  
 
       -
     ,   -
    ,     
 ,     -
  -     
       
  .
        -
      , ,
        -
.
 ,    3-7  ,
 .
 
 2  
 
      .
 
 3 
 
 3.1       :
 -  ,    ();
 -    ().
 
 3.2     - 
    :  (),  () 
 ().      -
.
 3.3        -
        -
 ,       ,   -
, , , 
 (  )    .

       
        25,  
 1,  F200  
W4:
  25 1 F200-W4  7473
        :
  25 1 F200 W4  7473
     ,   ,  -
    12,5,    2,
 F200,  W2   
D900:
  12.5 2 F200 W2 D900  7473
        :
   12,5 2 F200 W2 D900  7473
 
 4  
 
 4.1       -
     , -
   .
 4.2        -
   ,  , -
   ( )   -
  .
 4.3      -
:
 - ;
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -  ( );
 -    :
 , ,  
  ( ).
 
 4.4      
     ,    -
,    .
 4.5       -
     1.
 
 1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|  ࠠ |    젠 |
|  |     |
|   |--------------------------------------------|
| |  | 򳠠 |
| | , | , |
| | 񠠠 | CM |
| | |-------------------------------|
| | | |  |
| | |  |  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 

 .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |
|  蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| Ǡ |堠 | - | - |
| Ǡ | 100 | | |
| |堠 | | |
| | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | 51-100 | - | - |
| 2 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1 |  堠 | - | - |
| 1 |50 | | |
| |  堠 | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |
|  蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| 4 | 31-60 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ǡ | 21-30 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | 11-20 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1 | 5-10 | - | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |
|  蠠 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | |
| 1 |   | 1-4 | - |
| 1 | 4 | | |
| |   | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | | | |
| 2 | - | 5-9 | - |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ǡ | - | 10-15 | - |
| Ǡ | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 4 | - | 16-20 | 26-20 |
| 4 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5 | - |   |   |
| 5 | | 21 | 31 |
| | |  堠 |   |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 4.6    (  -
)    ,    2.
 

 2
-------------------------------------------------------------------
|  ࠠ | , %  堠 |
| | , %  堠 |
|   |-------------------------------------------|
|  |  |  |
| |  | 堠 |
| |-------------------------------------------|
| | |  |  |
| | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| -1 | 0-0,1 | 2 | 3 |
| -1 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 4-1 | 0-0,2 | 3 | 4 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1-2 | 0-0,4 | 3 | 4 |
| 1-2 | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|
| -5 | 0-0,8 | 4 | 6 |
| -5 | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
         -
        -
 (-, )    -
  .
 4.7      
       
蠠 (, , -
).
       -
  ,    
.
 4.8    ,    -
    (   -
),     -
--     , 
        
  .
 4.9       27006.
 4.10      ,
         -
       26633   25820.
         -
 23732.      
    0,1 %.
 
      -
  ,    
,       /  -
      ( 30108).
 4.11        
 (  ,     
  ).
       .
 

      -
         -
, ,   ,    -
   1 % ,   2 %.
       -
  2 %  .    -
  5 3/     -
     .
 4.12       
       -
.
       1-5, 1   -
   12,5     D1600  ,
   1-5  1  
  .
       -
 .
 4.13      , 
, .
         -
      .
      ,   
 ,      
50-70 %   ,     30 ,
        -
 .
        
    70 .,   -
   :
 -     -,  ,
 ;
 -     -  ,-
 ,  , ,  .
 
 4.14     -
  (      
       )  
         
 ,       -  -
     .
 
 4.15 
 4.15.1    .     
   :
 -    ;
 -     ;
 -   ( ,    -
     );
 -  ,    
 ,      
     ;
 -  ()     ,  (/2);
 -  ,    
 , ;
 -    , /;
 -   , ;
 -  , ;
 - , ;
 -    .
 

 4.15.2    ,  ,
       .
       -
           -
.
 
 4.16 
 
 4.16.1        -
    10354   8     
 2226   40 .
        , -
        -
   5 ..
 
 5  
 
 5.1       
.   .     
    ,   
27006.       .
        -
,      .
 5.2       -
           15 
           -
 20    .
        
 .
 , ,   
       
      , 
   .
 5.3  ,     -
       ( -
)       ,  -
        ( -
) -      ,   -
 -     .
 5.4 -  , 
   ,    -
 ,  -  
.
        -
     ,      -
     () 
   30108.
 5.5       
 ,        
5.2-5.4,      .
 5.6        . 
 ,   ,   
       ,
     . -
      
.
 5.7       -
        
 ,     
10181.

 5.8       -
        -
        3   -
.
        -
       
   .
 
 6  
 
 6.1   ѳ     -
  10181.0   10180.
 6.2       
        
.
       
        -
  .
      -
        
 30108.
 6.3    (  -
       ,  -  -
 ,  -   -  ), 
     Ҡ 10181.0-
10181.4.
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 10181.3       -
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 6.4      -
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 6.5     Ҡ 10180, Ҡ 17624,
 22690,     18105;   -
     12730.1   17623,   -
 -   27005;     10060, -
 -  Ҡ 12730.5.
 
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 2226-88  .  
 
  .2.7-47-96 . 蠠 : 10060-87 . 
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   .2.7-48-96 .  :
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  .2.7-49-96 .:
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  .2.7-50-96 .-:
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  .2.7-51-96 . :
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 10180-90 .    
  
 10181.0-81  .   
  
 10181.1-81  .  
 
 10181.2-81  .  
 
 10181.3-81  .   
 19181.4-81  .  
 
 10354-82  .  
 12730.1-78 .   
 12730.5-84 .   
 17624-87 .   
 
 18105-86 .   
 22690-88 .   
   
 23732-79     .
  

 
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  .2.7-43-96  .  26633-91  
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 27005-86    .  
  
 27006-86 .   
 
..1.4-1.01-97  :  30208-94   -
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 .1.4-2-01-97  :  30108-94  
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 ʠ 13 
 
  :  ,  , -
 ,  ,  , 
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: ֻ ( . , . . , 2; /. 249-34-04 )