.2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97)
  Ҡ 
=======================================================================
  
  òͲ
  
   .2.7-95-2000
 ( 6266-97)
  
   ,  
   
  2000
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97)
 
 1 ɠ  " ..." 
  " ",   
 2 ɠ  
 3 ɠ ̳ -  
 ,   
    ()
 10  1997 .
    :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
|  蠠 |  󠠠 |
| |   |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ³ | ̳  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   | ̳蠠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |     - |
| |    ̳Ⳡ |
| | ,    |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ࠠ |     |
| |    䳠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ࠠ | ̳  |
| | ,   - |
| |  ࠠ |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   | 䠠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ࠠ | 䠠 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------
    ijޠ   
  23.02.2000 . 33
    6266-89
         
 ,     
    .
 
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97)
     
1.   ....................................... 1
2.   ...................................... 1
3.  ................................................ 2
4. ,     ................. 2
5.   ........................................... 4
 5.1   .......................................... 4
 5.2  ......................................... 4
 5.3  ............................................. 6
6 -  ............................ 7
7.  .......................................... 7
8   ............................................ 9
 8.1    .............................. 9
 8.2     ............................... 10
 8.3   1 2  ( ) ..... 10
 8.4       ... 11
 8.5     
   ............................................. 12
 8.6    ....................... 13
 8.7      ' .. 13
9    .............................. 14
10    ............................... 15
 
   ........................................ 16
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .1
   
 ===================================================================
  
  
  
   .2.7-95-2000
 Building materials
 Gypsum plasterboards
 Specifications
___________________________________________________________
   2000-07-01
 1  
       ( - ),
   ,  , 
,  ,    -
 .
   ' ,    
4, 5, 7, 8,  9.3-9.8.
     .
 2 ͳ 
        :
  12.1.044-89 | .  
 |  .
 |     
 | 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  166-89 | .  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  427-75 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  3560-73 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  3749-77 |   90.
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  7502-98 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  11358-89 |    
 |    0,01  0,1 .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  14192-96 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  15467-79 |   .
 |  .  
 | 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  24104-88 |    
 |  .  
 | 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .2
  30108-94 |    .
 |   
 |   
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  30244-94 |  .
 |    
 |    
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  25951-83 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  .1.4-1.01-97 | . 
 | .  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  .1.4-2.01-97 | .   
 |   ' 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
   .2.7-19-95 |  .
 ( 30244-94) |    
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
   .1.1-2-97 |   .
 ( 30402-96) |  .
 |    .
 3 
    ,    -
,    .
 4 Բֲ, Ͳ   ̲
 4.1        
   :
 -  ();
 -  ();
 -      ' ();
 - ,      -
 ' ().
 4.2        -
   :   .
 4.3        , 
   1-5.
  1 -   ()
  2 -      ()
  3 -     
 ()
  4 -     
 ()
  5 -   ()
 ³        
   2.
________________
*         
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .3
  1  
--------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |  |
|   | 堠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ࠠ |  젠 |
| ࠠ | 2000 - 4000 50 |
| |  젠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | |
| ࠠ | 600;1200 |
| | |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ࠠ | 6,5; 8,0; 9,5; 12,5; 14,0; |
| | 16,0;18,0; |
| | 20,0:24,0 |
| ࠠ | |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|.        |
|    .   |
|     2. |
|.      򠠠 |
|     . 堠 |
|      2. |
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  2  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
||     ⠠ |
| |   蠠 |
||     ⠠ |
| |    |
| |---------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | | | | |
| | 堠 |  |  | 堠 |  |  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 16 | 0 | 0 | +-0,5 | +-8 | 0 | +-0,5 |
|. | | | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | | | | |
| 16| -5 | -5 | +-0,9 | | -5 | +-0,9 |
|. | | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 4.5       . ³
       3   
   8  -    .
 4.6      :
 -     -  4.1;
 -    -  4.2;
 -      -  4.3;
 - ,    ,      
 -   .
      
         3000 ,
 1200    12,5 :
 ---3000  1200  12,5
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97).
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .4
 5 ͲͲ 
        
   ,   -
.
 5.1. 
         
 .
         
  ( ),    
 ,    3.
  3
---------------------------------------------------------------------
| ⠠ |   ,  |
| 頠 |   ,   |
|-------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ⠠ | |
| : | |
|-    | 20 |
|   , | |
|- , . | 2 |
|-------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   | |
|  :| |
|- ࠠ | 20 |
| ,젠 | |
|- ࠠ | 5 |
| ,젠 | |
|- , . | 2 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------
         
   ,    .
 5.2 
 5.2.1   2 (ࠠ ) ⠠ 
    4.
  4     
 -------------------------------------------------------
 |  1 2  󠠠 |
 |  1 2  ࠠ |
 |-----------------------------------------------------|
 | ˠ |   | Ϡ | Ϡ |
 | | | Π | Π |
 |-----------------------------------------------------|
 | 堠 |  堠   堠 |
 | 1,00 s | 0,80 s 1,06 s|
 | 堠 |  堠   堠 |
 |-----------------------------------------------------|
 |s -       1 |
 |s -       1 |
 -------------------------------------------------------
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .5
 5.2.2       
    .
 5.2.3       
     (1 = 350 )    -
     5.
 ³     -
     5      10 %.
  5
------------------------------------------------------------------
| |    ,  ()|
| ,  |    ,  ()|
| ,  |--------------------------------------------|
| |  |  |
| |  |  |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 6,5 | 125(12,5) | 54 (5,4) |
| | | |
| 8,0 | 174(17,4) | 68 (6,8) |
| | | |
| 9,5 | 222 (22,2) | 81 (8,1) |
| | | |
| 12,5 | 322 (32,2) | 105(10,5) |
| | | |
| 14,0 | 360 (36,0) | 116(11,6) |
| | | |
| 16,0 | 404 (40,4) | 126(12,6) |
| | | |
| 18,0 | 440 (44,0) | 3(13,3) |
| | | |
| 20,0 | 469 (46,9) | 134(13,4) |
| | | |
| 24,0 | 490 (49,0) | 136(13,6) |
------------------------------------------------------------------
     5.2.3    ,
         -
    5.2.4.
 5.2.4       
     (1 = 40 s,  s -  
  )      
 6.
 ³     -
     6      10 %.
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .6
  6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
| , | , |, , 堠 |
| 젠 | (),   |  ⠠ |
| , | , |, , 堠 |
| 젠 | (),    |  ⠠ |
| |⠠ | |
| |---------------------------------------------------|
| |  |  || |
| |  |  || |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10,0 . | 450 (45) | 150(15) | - | - |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|䠠 | | | | |
| 10,0  18,0 | 600 (60) | 180(18) |0,8(1,0)* |1,0(1,2)* |
| . | | | | |
|. | | | | |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|䠠 | | | | |
| 18,0 | 500 (50) | - | - | - |
|. | | | | |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|*         |
|*         |
| ࠠ |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
 5.2.5      Ϡ   
  10%.
 5.2.6        '
    20 .
 5.2.7      
     370 /.
 5.3 
 5.3.1        -
     ,    -
,     .
      :
 -    ()  ;
 -   ,      4.2.
     :
 -    -  ;
 -    -  .
 5.3.2       -
 ,     - , 
    .
     :
 -    ()   ;
 -   ;
 -     ;
 -       () ;
 -    .
 5.3.3       
  14192,       :
". "  "  ".
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .7
 6 -Ͳ 
 ó  , ,      
 1  Ӡ  .2.7-19 (Ҡ 30244-94),  
 Ǡ  Ӡ  . 1.1-2 (Ҡ 30402-97),  
  1   12.1.044,   
ҳ   12.1.044.
 ³      (
)       
    .
 7  
 7.1    ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ 
       
.
 7.2    .   
   , ,     , -
   㳺       .
 '        
  .
 7.3     --
    :
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -  1 2;
 -       
  ;
 -     ;
 -  (    ).
 7.4     
        '  
         
    .   -
     .
       
      ' 
 .
      ' -
    "     -
.
      ,  -
,     .
 7.5 -    
  ,      䳠 ,
     - .
 7.6     򳠠 
   -     
 ',     
( ).
   ' ( ). Ӡ 
       ' (
),  ,     
          -
        '-
 ( ).
 7.7       -
     .
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .9
 7.8    - -
  򳿠  ' . ³ 
 ,   .
 Ӡ     蠠 蠠 
 '      .
 ,   ,    ,
     ,   
7.3.
         -
  ,   7.3,   
  ,       
򳺿  .
       -
  ,   ,     -
,     .
 7.9       -
   ,      -
 '    .
 7.10    (),     -
       ',  
     (),     -
        .
 7.11    (),     -
   -,     
  (),       
     .
 7.12  ,    7.10  7.11,  
      
5.3.1,        .
 7.13    ⠠ , 
       
  7.
 7.14      (
)    ,   :
 -     ;
 -     ;
 -  ,  ;
 -      ()  ;
 -       .
 8  
 8.1   
 8.1.1  ()   
.
       Ҡ 427,
     166   
  3749.
        -
    .    
  ,     
      泠 
  .
       
 .
       -
        
.
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .10
 8.1.2 ³    
.
   ,     -
,         
     .
 8.2    
 8.2.1  
        1    7502.
 ˳    427.
    11358     166.
     ,  
     .
       : +0,1  -
  , +1,0  -    
.
 8.2.2  
 8.2.2.1        
(65+5)       ;  
          
  .
 8.2.2.2     ()
      :   (65+5)  
     ;   
           .
 8.2.2.3 ³      -
 .      
.
 8.2.3  
 8.2.3.1   ,     -
     1 .
        -
  0,1 .
 8.2.3.2   ,     -
       4.
 8.2.3.3 ³     
  . 頠 򠠠 
  4.5.
 8.3.   1 2  ( )
 8.3.1  
     蠠 , 
      (40-45) .
      24104,   .
 ˳   427.
    7502.
 8.3.2 
    ,   8.4.1.3 
8.4.2.3       
   8.3.3.
 8.3.3  
     (41+1) 24   -
.       . 
 ,   栠 蠠 
     0,1 %.   
       2 .
      -
     2 ,   
  .     ,  -
    ,  ,   
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .11
0,01 . ϳ      , -
   1 .
 8.3.4  .
  1 2  m, /2,   
 m1
 m = --------- , ( 1 )
 l x b
  m1 -  ,     , ;
 l -  , ;
 b -  , .
     0,1 /2.
   1 2     -
    .
 8.4      
 8.4.1     
   .
 8.4.1.1       -
 ,       -
 .
 8.4.1.2  
  - ,    -
   ,     6, 
   15-20 / (1,5-2,0 /),  
        
2 %.
   ,   ,    
       5  10 ; -
          .
    
     
 
 8.4.1.3 ϳ 
   ,   ,   
      (450+5)  
 (150+5) .       100 
     ⠠ - 砠 
.   (  )  
 8.3.3.
      8.3.3,    -
    8.4.1.4  .
        , 
 - .
     15-20 / (1,5-2,0 /)
  .
 8.4.1.5  .
     1 (0,1 ).
       -
       
  ,     
     5.2.3.
 8.4.2    ࠠ  
    
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .12
 8.4.2.1       -
  ,     , -
,    ,   
,       -
    .
 8.4.2.2  
  - ,    -
  15-20 / (1,5-2,0 /)   -
,      .
  ,      
   2 %        -
    0,01 ;.
   ,   ,- 8.4.1.2.
 8.4.2.3 ϳ .
   ,   ,   
     (400+5)   -
 [(40 s + 100)+5] ,  s -    
.       100   
    -   . 
 (  )    8.3.3.
      8.3.3,    -
    8.4.2.4.
 8.4.2.4  .
   -    -   
  ,  .  / = 40s,  s
-     .
        , 
 - .
  ,    ,   -
,   50  (5,0 ),     -
  1       -
.
      15-20 / (1,5-2,0
/)   100  (10 ).
 ϳ      1  
    .   
      .
 8.4.2.5  
      1 (0,1 ),
 - 0,1 .
  ,     50 (5 ), -
   .
   栠 젠  ࠠ 
 100 (10 )   50 ͠ (5 ), 
     .
       -
       
  ,     
     5.2.4.
       
       
 ,      -
     5.2.4.
 8.5       
 8.5.1  
 ͳ   .
 8.5.2  
  -     ,   
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .13
,    ,      
  30,        100
.          
 .      
         
   .    
      . 
     5.2.2.
 8.6   
 8.6.1  
     ,   -
     (40-45).
      24104.
 ̳  .
 8.6.2 ϳ 
 ³  ,   ,   -
 -    (300+5)     -
 100    .
 8.6.3  
      
,     (20+2).
        (41+1)Ѡ 
  8.3.3.      ,
     ,     Ⳡ -
       ,  
           50 . 
       
     .
         5
     .
 8.6.4  
     10.
  W, %,   
 m - m
 2 1
 W = -------------------- x 100 , ( 2 )
 m
 1
  m -  ,     ,.
 1
 m -  ,   ,
 2
     1 %.
      
    .
 8.7      '
 8.7.1  
   '      -
 7         Π ,  
     ,    
    .   
        
 45   .     5  
        
.        -
   ().
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .14
    
     
 '   
 8.7.2 ϳ 
 ³  ,   , 
     8.4.1.3   
 (300+0,5)    (50+0,5) .   
   25      
   4      
   .
 8.7.3  
     .     -
  ,      , 
 80 s,  s -    , 
,   1. ϳ    -
       , 
 ,    ,  -
  (800+30)   3    .
     .  
  '      .
       5.2.6.
 8.8      -
   . 1.4-1.01   . 1.4-2.01.
 9   в
 9.1       
   ,     䳠 -
,    ,    -
.
 9.2      .
       , , 
    砠 젠 ⠠ 
,    , -  
 .   '    
 3560   .     -
       Ҡ 25951.
ʳ ',  ,     -
  .
         -
  ( '    ).
 9.3        4100
,   1300 ,   800 ;     -
   3000 .
 9.4       
       .
 9.5         
      .
 9.6       
  9.5   ,   -
 ,   㠠 蠠  
 .
 9.7        
          -
 .        -
 3,5 .
 9.8  -, --
        .
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .15
 10 Dz  
 10.1   ⠠ 䠠  
,    .
 10.2 ó        
  젠 ࠠ 젠 젠 蠠 
      .
 10.3 ó       
   , ,    
  򳠠 砠 蠠 蠠 砠 
.
          
 , , ,  
   . Ӡ     
,       
蠠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ ,  
, Ⳡ , 고   ,
   .
 10.4        
      򳠠 
    .
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .16
   (')
   
   -  ,    -
  ,      
 ,     
    ()-  , 
 -      
      .
   고 ()- 
,     ( 10 %)   
 .
       
' () -  ,     -
   .
   고  -  
  ' () -  ,  
     
     -  
    
     - ,  
,       
     - ,  
,       
       - 
(')         
 
   - ,      -
        (
15467)
  691.55-41:006.354
 Ⳡ : 蠠 . 蠠 
,      
 ',   고  
   '
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97)
  
 ====================================================
  
  
  6266-97
  
  -   ,
      
  2000
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97)
 
 1 
  " . .. "   " ",
   
 ͠  
 2 
  -  
 ,    
   () 10  1997 .
    :
--------------------------------------------------------------------
|  ࠠ |   - |
| |   젠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |  ࠠ |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   |     |
| |   堠 |
| | ,    |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ࠠ |    -|
| |     -|
| | 堠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ࠠ |   -|
| | ,   - |
| |  ࠠ |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   | 頠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ࠠ | 頠 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------
 3   6266-89
       
  ,     -
  
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97)
          
1   ..................................... 1
2   ..................................... 1
3  ............................................ 2
4 ,     ............ 2
5   ................................. 4
 5.1   ........................................ 4
 5.2  ..................................... 4
 5.3  ......................................... 6
6 -  ..................... 7
7   ........................................ 7
8   ........................................ 8
 8.1    ............................. 8
 8.2     .......................... 9
 8.3   1 2 
 ( ) .......................... 9
 8.4       .. 10
 8.5    
    .............................. 11
 8.6  
  ............................................. 12
 8.7    
   .................................. 12
9    ........................... 13
10    ................................ 14
 
   .................................... 15
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .1
  
 ===================================================================
  
  
  
   .2.7-95-2000
 Building materials
 Gypsum plasterboards
 Specifications
 ___________________________________________________________
   1999-04-01
 1  
      
( - ),    ,  -
,  ,  , 
   .
    ,  
 4, 5, 7, 8,  9.3 - 9.8.
 2  
       
:
  12.1.044-89 | .  
 |  .
 |     
 | 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  166-89 | .  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  427-75 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  3560-73 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  3749-77 |   90.
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  7502-98 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  11358-89 |    
 |    0,01  0,1 .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  14192-96 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  15467-79 |   .
 |  .  
 | 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .2
  24104-88 |    
 |  .  
 | 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  30108-94 |    .
 |   
 |   
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  30244-94 |  .
 |    
 |    
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  25951-83 |   .
 |  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  .1.4-1.01-97 | . 
 | .  
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
  .1.4-2.01-97 | .   
 |   ' 
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
   .2.7-19-95 |  .
 ( 30244-94) |    
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
   .1.1-2-97 |   .
 ( 30402-96) |  .
 |    .
 3 
    ,  -
 ,    .
 4 ,    
 4.1         -
   :
 -  ();
 -  ();
 -      
 ();
 -      -
   ().
 4.2        
  :   .
 4.3        ,
   1-5.
  1 -   ()
  2 -    
  ()
  3 -    
  ()
  4 -    
   ()
  5 -   ()
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .3
 4.4       1. -
         -
   2.
  1  
--------------------------------------------------------------------
|   |  |
|   | 堠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ࠠ |  젠 |
| ࠠ | 2000 - 4000 50 |
| |  젠 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | |
| ࠠ | 600;1200 |
| | |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | |
| ࠠ | 6,5; 8,0; 9,5; 12,5; 14,0; |
| | 16,0;18,0; |
| | 20,0:24,0 |
| ࠠ | |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|.        |
|    .   |
|     2. |
|.      򠠠 |
|     . 堠 |
|      2. |
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  2  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
||     ⠠ |
| |   蠠 |
||     ⠠ |
| |    |
| |---------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | | | | |
| | 堠 |  |  | 堠 |  |  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 16 | 0 | 0 | +-0,5 | +-8 | 0 | +-0,5 |
|. | | | | | | |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| | | | | | | |
| 16| -5 | -5 | +-0,9 | | -5 | +-0,9 |
|. | | | | | | |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 4.5       . 
      3       8
 -    .
 4.6      :
 -     - 4.1;
 -    -  4.2;
 -      -  4.3;
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .4
 - ,   ,    
  ;
 -   .
      
         3000 , -
 1200    12,5: ---3000120012,5  6266-97.
 5  
        -
    ,  -
.
 5.1  
         
 .
          -
  ( ),    
 ,    3.
  3
---------------------------------------------------------------------
| ⠠ |   ,  |
| 頠 |   ,   |
|-------------------------------------------------------------------|
| ⠠ | |
| : | |
|-    | 20 |
|   , | |
|- , . | 2 |
|-------------------------------------------------------------------|
|   | |
|  :| |
|- ࠠ | 20 |
| ,젠 | |
|- ࠠ | 5 |
| ,젠 | |
|- , . | 2 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------
         
   ,   .
 5.2 
 5.2.1  1 2 ( )   -
    4.
  4     
 -------------------------------------------------------
 |  1 2  󠠠 |
 |  1 2  ࠠ |
 |-----------------------------------------------------|
 | ˠ |   | Ϡ | Ϡ |
 | | | Π | Π |
 |-----------------------------------------------------|
 | 堠 |  堠   堠 |
 | 1,00 s | 0,80 s 1,06 s|
 | 堠 |  堠   堠 |
 |-----------------------------------------------------|
 |s -       1 |
 |s -       1 |
 -------------------------------------------------------
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .5
 5.2.2       
    .
 5.2.3       
     (1 = 350 )    
   5.
      -
     5     10 %.
  5
------------------------------------------------------------------
| |    ,  ()|
| ,  |    ,  ()|
| ,  |--------------------------------------------|
| |  |  |
| |  |  |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 6,5 | 125(12,5) | 54 (5,4) |
| | | |
| 8,0 | 174(17,4) | 68 (6,8) |
| | | |
| 9,5 | 222 (22,2) | 81 (8,1) |
| | | |
| 12,5 | 322 (32,2) | 105(10,5) |
| | | |
| 14,0 | 360 (36,0) | 116(11,6) |
| | | |
| 16,0 | 404 (40,4) | 126(12,6) |
| | | |
| 18,0 | 440 (44,0) | 3(13,3) |
| | | |
| 20,0 | 469 (46,9) | 134(13,4) |
| | | |
| 24,0 | 490 (49,0) | 136(13,6) |
------------------------------------------------------------------
     5.2.3    , -
         -
    5.2.4. 5.2.4    
        (1 = 40 s, 
s -     )    -
    6.
      -
     6     10 %.
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .6
  6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
| , | , |, , 堠 |
| 젠 | (),   |  ⠠ |
| , | , |, , 堠 |
| 젠 | (),    |  ⠠ |
| |⠠ | |
| |---------------------------------------------------|
| |  |  || |
| |  |  || |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10,0 . | 450 (45) | 150(15) | - | - |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|䠠 | | | | |
| 10,0  18,0 | 600 (60) | 180(18) |0,8(1,0)* |1,0(1,2)* |
| . | | | | |
|. | | | | |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|䠠 | | | | |
| 18,0 | 500 (50) | - | - | - |
|. | | | | |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------|
|*         |
|*         |
| ࠠ |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
 5.2.5        
 10 %.
 5.2.6       -
      20 .
 5.2.7     -
       370 /.
 5.3 
 5.3.1       
     ,   -
 ,    .
      :
 -    ()  ;
 -   ,   
   4.2.
     :
 -    -  ;
 -    -  .
 5.3.2       -
 ,     , 
   .
     :
 -    ()   ;
 -   :
 -     ;
 -       ()  ;
 -    .
 5.3.3       -
   14192,       -
: ". "  "  ".
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .7
 6 - 
   , ,      
 1   30244,    Ǡ  
30402,     1  Ҡ 12.1.044, 
  ҳ   12.1.044.
       ( -
)       
    .
 7  
 7.1        -
       
.
 7.2    .
       , ,  -
   ,      
    .
         
  .
 7.3     --
    :
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -  1 2;
 -        
 ;
 -     ;
 -  (    )
 7.4      -
        
           --
     .  
     .
      
      
   .
       -
         -
.
       -
     .
 7.5 -    -
   ,       -
,      - -
.
 7.6      
        
      ( -
).        
   ( ).
          -
  ( )     
          -
        
( ).
 7.7       
    .
 7.8    -  
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .8
   .
       -
    ,   .   -
        -
     .
  ,   ,   , -
     . -
  7.3.
       
   ,   7.3,   -
   ,     
    .
       -
  ,   ,    -
,     .
 7.9       -
    ,      -
     .
 7.10    (),   
      -
,        (),   
      -
   .
 7.11    (),   
   ,     -
   (),      -
      .
 7.12  ,   7.10  7.11,   -
      
5.3.1,        .
 7.13     ,  -
        -
       
 7.
 7.14      ( -
)    ,   : - -
    ; -    
; -  ,  ; -   
  ()  ; -    
  .
 8  
 8.1   
 8.1.1  ()   
.
       
427,     Ҡ 166  
   3749.
        
   .    
  ,   ,   -
        -
  .
        
.
       -
        
.
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .9
 8.1.2     
.
      -
,       -
        .
 8.2    
 8.2.1  
        1  
  7502.
     427.
    11358     166.
     , 
     .
       : +0,1  -
  , +1,0  -     -
.
 8.2.2  
 8.2.2.1        
(65+5)       ;  -
        
    30 .
 8.2.2.2     ()
      :   (65+5)  
     ;   -
           30 .
 8.2.2.3      
 .
       .
 8.2.3  
 8.2.3.1   ,     -
     1 .
        -
  0,1 .
 8.2.3.2   ,     
      4.
 8.2.3.3      
  .    -
  4.5.
 8.3   1 2  ( )
 8.3.1  
      , -
      (40-45) .
      24104,  
 .
    427.
    7502.
 8.3.2 
    ,   8.4.1.3 
 8.4.2.3      
    8.3.3.
 8.3.3  
     (41+1) 24   .
       .  -
 ,      -
     0,1 %.   
       2 .
      
    2 ,    -
  .
     ,   
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .10
 ,  ,    0,01 .  -
     ,    1
.
 8.3.4  .
  1 2  m, /2,   
 m
 1
 m = -------------- , ( 1 )
 l x b
  m -  ,    , ;
 1
 l -  , ;
 b -  , .
     0,1 /2.
   1 2     -
    .
 8.4      
 8.4.1      
  
 8.4.1.1       -
 ,      -
 .
 8.4.1.2  
   ,   -
   ,    6,   -
  15-20 / (1,5-2,0 /),    
       2 %.
   ,  ,    
       5  10 ;
         .
    
    
  
 8.4.1.3  
   ,   ,   
      (450+5)   
(150+5) .       100   
       .  -
 (  )    8.3.3.
      8.3.3,    -
    8.4.1.4.
 8.4.1.4  
        , 
 -.
     15-20 / (1,5-2,0 /) 
 .
 8.4.1.5  .
     1  (0,1 ).
       -
       
  ,      -
     5.2.3.
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .11
 8.4.2       
   
 8.4.2.1       -
  ,    , ,
   ,    ,
        -
   .
 8.4.2.2  
   ,   -
         
 15-20 / (1,5-2,0 /)   , -
      .   -
,        -
 2 %          
 0,01 ;.
   ,  , -  8.4.1.2.
 8.4.2.3  .
   ,   ,   
      (400+5)  
[(40 s + 100) +5] ,  s -    -
. ,      100   
       .  -
 (  )    8.3.3.
      8.3.3,    -
    8.4.2.4.
 8.4.2.4  
   -    -  
    .  / = 40s,  s
-     .
        , 
 - .
  ,   .   -
,  50  (5,0 ),       -
 1       .  
   15-20 / (1,5-2.0 /)   100 
(10 ).        1  
    .      
   .
 8.4.2.5  
      1  (0,1 ),
 -  0,1 .
  ,    50  (5 ), 
  .
        
100  (10 )   50  (5 ),   -
    .
       -
        -
  ,      -
     5.2.4.
       -
        
 ,      
    5.2.4.
 8.5       
 8.5.1  
    .
 8.5.2  
       ,   ,
         
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .12
30        100 . 
          -
.       
          -
 .       
   .
     
 5.2.2
 8.6   
 8.6.1  
     ,  -
     (40-45).  -
    24104.   .
 8.6.2 
   ,   ,   -
 -    (300+5)    
 100    .
 8.6.3       -
  ,    
(20+2).       
(41+1)    8.3.3.
      ,  -
   ,     2     -
   ,      
      50 .   
         -
  .       
 5      .
 8.6.4      
10 .  W, %,   
 m - m
 2 1
 W = --------------------- x 100 , ( 2 )
 m
 1
 堠 m -  ,  
 1  ,.
 m -  ,  ,.
 2
     1 %.
      
    .
 8.7     
 8.7.1  
        -
        
 7         30 , -
     ,     
   .
    -    -
      45   . 
   5       
    .   
       ().
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .13
     
    
    
 8 7.2  
   ,   ,  
    8.4.1 3    
(300+0,5)    (50+0,5) .      -
 25        -
  4       
  .
 8.7.3  
     .     -
  ,      -
,  80 s,  s -  ,  -
  ,  1;.      
     ,   -
,    ,   
(800+30)   3    .  
   .   -
        .
     
 5.2.6.
 8.8     
   30108.
 9   
 9.1       
   ,     -
,    ,   
.
 9.2      .
       , ,
         -
,    ,   
 .       
 3560   .    
       
25951.  ,  ,     -
  .
       -
    (     ).
 9.3        4100 , 
 1300 ,   800 ;      
3000 .
 9.4       
       .
 9.5         
      .
 9.6        -
  9.5   ,   -
 ,       -
 .
 9.7        
          
.         3,5.
 9.8  -, -  
     .
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .14
 10   
 10.1      
.    .
 10.2          -
         
    .
 10.3         
  , ,     -
        -
.
           
         
 . , ,  -
    .     
 ,     -
      , -
  ,  ,    -
.    .
 10.4        
        
   .
   .2.7-95-2000 ( 6266-97) .15
   ()
   
   -  ,   -
  ,     
  ,    
    () - , -
        
   - 
    () -  -
,    ( 10 %)   -
   
      -
   () -  ,  -
     .
      -
    () -  ,
      
     -  
    
     - , 
 ,       
     - , 
 ,       
     -  - 
()          -
 
   - ,    
         (
15467)
  91.100.20 16
  :  ,   -
,      -
  ,     -