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  | |  i
 | | 
 | | 堠 
 | |   -
 | | 頠 
 | | 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i i | i  | i 
 i |   |  
   | |
 蠠 | |
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i i |   | i 
  | 򠠠 |  
   | 堠  |
  | 򠠠 |
 |----------------------------------------
 |  | i 
 | 堠 |  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 | i i젠 | ,  
 |  젠 | i i-
 | |   i, 
 | |  i 
 | |   i,
 | | -i  
 | |  i-
 | |  
 | | ,  -
 | |  
 | |   
 | |   
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 15
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
  i
 .1
  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
  | |  -
 󠠠 |   |   ()
  |   |  
 ࠠ | |  ()
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 | |    -
 ii  | |  
  ࠠ | | 
 |----------------------------------------
 |   i | i i
 | i - | , i 
 | i⠠ |   i,
 |    |   i-
 |  |  i
 | ⠠ |  -
 | |  , -
 | |    
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 |----------------------------------------
 |   - | i 
 | i ii |  
 |   - |
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 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ii  | 頠 | i 
 󠠠 | 頠 |  
   | |
 ࠠ | |
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 | i頠  | i , i
 |  |   -
 |   | 
 | 頠 |  , 
 | |   -
 | | 
 |----------------------------------------
 ii  | i頠  | i  -
 󠠠 |  i- | i 
   |  |   -
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 | 頠 - |
 |  |
 |----------------------------------------
 |  i | i 
 |   |  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 |   - | i  i
 |   |  i 10 
 |   - | 0,5
 |  頠 |   
 | |   10 
 | | 0,5
 16
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
  i
 .1
  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
  | |  -
 󠠠 |   |   ()
  |   |  
 ࠠ | |  ()
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 頠 |   - | i  i
 () 䠠 |   |  i 10 
  |   - | 0,1
 ()  |  頠 |   
 | |   10 
 | | 0,1
 |----------------------------------------
 | 頠 | i 
 | 頠 |  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 頠 | i頠 | i 
 ()  i- | 頠 |  
   | |
  | |
 ()  - | |
 頠 - | |
 ⠠ | |
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i򠠠  | i   | i  i
 i⠠ |  젠 | 
  - | 堠  |   
  ⠠ |   - | 
 | 젠 |
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 | 頠 | i  i
 | i  | ,  i
 | i⠠ |  10% 
 |  |   
 | 堠  | , 
 i 󠠠 | ⠠ |  10% 
   |----------------------------------------
 | 堠  | i  i
 | i  | ,  i
 | i⠠ | i 10% 
 |   - |   
 |   - | , 
 | ⠠ |  10% 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ii i- | 蠠 i | i  i
 i | ii  | 
  - | 蠠  |   
 蠠 |  ࠠ | 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i |  - | i i -
  |   i- | 
 |  󠠠 | 堠 
 |  - | 
 17
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
  i
 .1
  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ | |  -
 󠠠 |   |   ()
 ࠠ |   |  
 ࠠ | |  ()
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 |  - |
 | 蠠 |
 |---------------------------------------
 |i  | ii  i
 |堠 | i; i
 |堠 |   IL> 0,25;
 | | -ii
 | |  ii -
 | | 
 | |   
 | | ; 
 | |   IL> 0,25;
 | | -
 | |  
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 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ࠠ i- |i  | i  -
 i |堠 | ii -
  - |堠 | 
  | |   -
 | |  -
 | | 
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i i- |i  |
  蠠  |  "i |
 󠠠 |" |
  - |堠 |
   - |   | i  
  蠠 |" " | i i
 ----------------------------------------| (ii i-
 i i- |i  | i)
   i - |  " |   
    |" | 堠 
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  |i  |
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 ----------------------------------------| 
 ࠠ | ii - |  -
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 18
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
  i
 .1
  
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 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i i- | i  |
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 ----------------------------------------| ), -
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  ii |   | ii -
 ࠠ  |   |   i -
 ꠠ | | i, 
 i  | | i 
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 렠  | |  -
   - | |    -
  | | , -
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 󠠠 | |
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 | i- |
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 |  󠠠 | i, -
 | - | ii  -
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  i |  蠠 | i
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   | i-- | 堠 
 i  |  - |  -
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 렠  |  󠠠 |  
  | - |
   | 堠 |
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 󠠠 |  蠠 |
 󠠠 |----------------------------------------
 19
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
  i
 .1
  
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  | |  -
 󠠠 |   |   ()
  |   |  
 ࠠ | |  ()
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 | i-- | i i -
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 i i | i i- | i (i -
  i |  |  i );
  | 頠 | i  -
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  - | | 
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  | | );  
   | | 
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 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ii - | i  | i -
 i | 堠 | i 
  - | 堠 |  -
 蠠 | |  
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 ii i- | i  |
   ii- | 堠 |
 򠠠 i | 堠 |
  ii | |
  - | |
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 򠠠  | |
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 20
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
 i i
 .1
  
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 ------------------------------------------------------------
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  i- |  젠 | i, i
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 ------------------------------------------------------------
 i i  |  i- | i (i -
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  - | 頠 | ), i
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 | |   -
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 i.   ii  i
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 21
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
   |  
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 ; | ;
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  10110; |  10110;
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 젠  |    
   Ҡ 577  |  577  -
 젠  |    9696;
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 90 .  Ϡ  | 90.  Ϡ 
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 22
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
 i   | ).  
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 i. | .
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 4  , - | 4  , -
     |    
 i- i, - | - , -
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 0,5+-0,1   . | .
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 23
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
    |  
 () | ()
 |
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 i  i  |    
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 ii   |   
 |
 1  i - | 1   -
 i i  - |    -
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 i  ii - |    
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      2 |     2 
    i  |    
  5180. |  5180.
    |   
  i   |    
 i  - |   
  ii  Q, 3, |   Q, 3 -
     |   
 mr(W - W)
 Qp = -----------------, (B.1)
 pw(1 + W)
  mr -  i- |  mr - ࠠ 
    - |   
 i W, ; | W, ;
 W  W - ii  | W  W -  -
  i - |  蠠 
 i ,..; | 蠠 ,
 | ..;
 w - ii ,  | w -  , -
 i 1 /3. |  1 / .
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 24
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
 i  - |   .
 . |
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 i   | ࠠ  
 ii   d, |    d,
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 Vk d
 mr = ---------- , (.2)
 (1 + W)
  Vk - ii頠 ' |  V -   -
  i. |  .
 |
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  Wopt  ,  |  Wopt    -
  i  i - |   W1)  
  W1)   i |   -
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    (.1). |  (.1).
 i i- |  -
     i- |     -
 i   d i |    d -
    ii |    
  젠 i |    
   iii  |  ⠠ 蠠 
  2. |  2.
  ii  |   -
 ,  iiຠ Wopt |  , 
  W1,   - | Wopt  W1,  
   i |   -
  ,  - |   , -
    22733. i |    22733. 
 25
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
 Wopt iiຠ  | Wopt  -
 ii   |    
 pdmax; i W1 > Wopt | dmax;  W1 > Wopt
 ii ii  |   -
   i ii - |     
   i. |   -
 | .
  ii i |   
  i - |   -
  ii  |   
 , /3 (蠠 i | , /3 (蠠 
 i),  i | ),  -
   : |    :
 ps(1 - Va)
 pd = ---------------- , (.3)
 ps W
 1 + ------
 pw
  s - ii , |  s -  ,
 /3; | /3;
 Va - i i  - | V -   
 i  i- |  
 i, ..; | , ..;
 W - ࠠ () | W -  (-
 i , | )  -
 ..; | , ..;
 ii  Va |  
 : | V :
 0,065 -  ii  | 0,065 -    -
 ii  I < 4; |   I < 4;
 0,035 -  ii  | 0,035 -  頠 
 I > 4; | I > 4;
 i  |  
 I < 12; | I < 12;
 0,045 -  i  | 0,045 -   
 I > 12. | I > 12.
 |
 4  i- | 4  
 i , i  | ,   -
 i i i |    -
 i  - |   
   砠  |    -
 i W < W   |  W < W   W,
 W,   : |   :
 pd(Wp - W) V
 Qp = ----------------- (B.4)
 pw
 i i  |   
    ii |     -
 i i   |    
  ⠠ , i |  ⠠ , 
 ,  ii | ,  -
     |     -
 26
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
  i  - |    
 : | :
 p1 - pd
 wp = ------------ (B.5)
 pd
 27
   .2.1-3-96 ( 30416-96)
 ʠ 39 
 i : , - |  : , -
 i , - | 堠 , 
 i , i-- | , --
 ii i i |