.2.7-14-94
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
²  ϲ
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
, 1995
 
 
 

 
 
 
 1 
 
 -  -
   
    (IJ)
 
 
 2 
 
   , 
    
  
 
 
 3    Ҳ
 
    
  3.11.94 . N 65
 
 
 4  ̲   5001-87
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        
 ,    
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 ̲
 
 1.   ................................. 4
 
 2.  ................................. 5
 
 3.   ..................................... 7
 
 4.     
  .......................................... 9
 
 5.   ................................... 9
 
 6.   .................................. 10
 
 7.    ..................... 21
 
  .
    
     
   ........................................... 22
 
  .
     
     ......................... 24
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
   
 ²  ϲ
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
Building materials
 
CIay raw material for manufacturing of
cIaydite gravel and sand
 
Specifications
 
----------------------------------------------------------------
   1995.01.01
 -----------
 
 
 1  
 
 1.1      
(  )   (, , -
  )  ,    -
       
   9757.
 1.2      
     .
 1.3     '  
   .
 1.4     .
 
 
----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 

 2.  
 
         :
 
  12.0.001-82 | .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  12.1.005-88 | .  -
 |     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  12.4.028-76 | .  -1 ""
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  83-79 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  427-75 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  450-77 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  1770-74Š |  ,  ,
 | , , , .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.3-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.4-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.5-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.6-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.7-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.8-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.11-86 |    .
 |     
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  3226-77 |  
 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  3594.4-77 |  .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  4204-77 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  4208-72 |      
 |  ( ).
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  4220-75 |  .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------

 5382-91 | .   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  6139-91 |     -
 | .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  6613-86 |     -
 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  7502-90 |   .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  8269-87 |    ,  
 |      -
 | .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  99757-90 |   
 |   .  
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  9758-86 |   
 |   .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  12026-76 |   .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  14050-78 |  .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  18481-81Š |    .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  20490-75 |  .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21046-86 |  .
 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.1-81 |  .
 |   .
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.2-81 |  .  
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.3-81 |  .  
 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.4-81 |  .  
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21286-82 |    
 | .  
------------------------------------------------------------------
  23932-90Š |    
 | .  
 | 
------------------------------------------------------------------

 24104-88Š |     
 | .   
------------------------------------------------------------------
  25336-82Š |    
 | . ,   
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 Ҡ 29251-91 |   .
 |  1.  .
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  356-91 |     
 | '   
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 |    
 |    
 | .
 
 
 3.  
 
  ,    
       9757,  -
- ,   
,     ,
 .
 3.1 ̳-   
 :
 -  ( );
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -   ,    -
 ;
 -   ;
 -   
 
 3.1.1     
 ,  ,   
.
 3.2       
  30%.
 3.3      
 1         15%.
 3.4      
  ,    1.
 
  1
  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
| |  ,  堠 |
|   |------------------------------------|
| , 젠 | ࠠ |   볠 |
| |  |  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|³ 0,5  1,0  | 5,0 | 3,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1,0  5,0  | 3,0 | 2,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5,0 | 2,0 | 1,0 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------

 
 3.5       -
 ,     2.
 
  2
  
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
|   |  ࠠ |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|ij  (SiO2) |   70 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (Al2O3) |  10  25  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|ij  (TiO2) |  0,1  2,0  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|   (FeO+Fe2O3) |  2,5  12,0  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (CaO) |   6,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (MgO) |   4,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|     | |
|(K2O+Na2O) |  1,5  6,0  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|     | |
| SiO3 |   1,5 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|     | |
| F2 |   0,5 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|     | |
| Cl2 |   1,5 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
| ࠠ |   3,0 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 3.5.1       ,
,         ,
  ,   .3.5  , -
      
 .
 3.6.     .
 3.6.1       -
 28%.
 3.6.2       -
   10.
 3.6.3     
         50 ..
 3.6.4      
       2,5.
 3.6.5     
    160 .
 3.6.6      
  370 / (1 ).
 3.6.7      
  .
 3.7    ,    
     ,   -
  ,      .
 

 3.8        -
       -
  - .
 3.9    ,  -
     ,    -
       --
 ,    9757.
 
 4.     
 
 
 4.1      -
   12.1.000  "   -
      -
 ",  ̳ 
' .
 4.2      
12.0.001.
 4.3       
   .     
 12.1.005-6/3,   IV.
 4.4 ѳ     , 
 .
 4.5      
         -
    12.1.005.
 4.6         -
 .
 4.7      , 
       
356-91.
 4.8      -
     12.4.028.
 4.9      ' 
   .
 
 5  
 
 5.1       -
.     ,  -
      -
,     ,  
  .
 5.2      -
  ,      
:
 -    ;
 -  , ';
 -  ;
 -  ,  , ;
 -  ,  ;
 -   , /;
 -    ;
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -     .
 5.3    ,  -
,        .
 5.4       -

 ,    .
 5.5     
  .
 5.6 ϳ     
     .
 5.7       .
 5.8      -
      .
 5.9 ϳ      -
:
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -   ;
 -   ,    -
 ;
 -   ;
 -   ;
 -  .
 5.10     
         
      
  ,     
.
      
   .
 5.11      
     .
 5.12 ϳ (') -    -
        
   ,   
 :
 - - ;
 -     ;
 -     ;
 -   .
 
 6  
 
 6.1 ³   
 6.1.1       -
,       
       .
     - -
       60 .
 6.1.2  ,    -
   .
 6.1.3      
       : 
     12.
        
,     :
 -   ,    
     8    
 ,      
 ,      
     3236;
 -   ,   
  ,     
        -
 

  ,    
    12;
 -   ,    -
  ,-   4    
 ,     1.
 
 
 1
    
     
 
 6.1.4      , 
   3.
 
  3
  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
| |    蠠 |
| ̳堠 |------------------------------------------|
|  ᠠ | |  |
| | |------------------------------|
| | |  ,  |
| | |------------------------------|
| | | 0-5 | 5-10 | 10-20 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ',| 3,0 | 1,5 | 4,0 | 8,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  | 3,0 | 1,5 | 4,0 | 8,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ | 3,0 | 1,5 | 4,0 | 8,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
| | 6,0 | 3,0 | 8,0 | 16,0 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------

 
 6.1.5 ϳ      
   ' .  ' ,
   ,      
  ,    3.
 6.1.6 ' ,     .6.1.5
    ,      -
     ,  
 ,       
   ,     
        -
   ,     -
       .
    ,   :
 -  ;
 -    (, );
 -    ;
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -    ,    .
 6.1.7      -
     :  5 ;  5  10
;  10  20 .
      ,  -
,         -
  d ,   85-90%  . 
 

 
      , 2     
   .
 6.1.8 ³   ,   -
,    1,0-2,0 ,  
     .
  ,      
   ,   -
       22  5 .
      105 ., -
      N 1   
     .. 3.5-3.6.
 
 6.2   
 6.2.1      :
 21216.1;  21216,2;  21216,4;  8269;
 21216,3;  2642,3;  2642,8;  2642,11;  5382,
        3594,4; 
      
.
 6.2.2    
  .
 6.2.2.1  :
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -    ;
 -       
   2;
 -    25336;
 -      24104;
 -     427;
 -     10 3   
 0,1-0,2    1770;
 -     23932;
 -   ,   
 1000 .   ,   6139.
 6.2.2.2 ϳ 
 ³ ' ,   .6.1.6, 
  350 ,    .   
  2-3      -
    .    -
,   ,    
   ,       
.
 ϳ     ,  
,     4-5 ,    
       16 . -
      ( 2). ³-
       22  5 .
  5-6 ,       
    105 ..
 
 6.2.2.3  
      , 
      -
   .
      -
       
   (220; 300; 400  500 . ) 
  (1140, 1170; 2000 . );  
 

     7 .
      -
  ,       
       .
          -
   ;     
      9758    
      .
          -
      , 
     ;
 -     ,  
  ,  ,  2-4%  
 ;
 -     10-20 .    
   ;
 -        1212 
  8  8 .
 
 2
   
1  ; 2  ; 3       ; 4   
 
       
,       .
 ,   990 .    -
 1260 .   30 ..   , 
 ,      ,
      ,  , 900 .,
1020 ., 1050 ., 1080 .     
,       7 . ϳ 
       .  
       ,
 10 .   .

 
 ϳ       
     9758.
       
  10%.
      
  ,   .
       -
     .
      , 
       -
    .
 ,       .
 6.2.2.4  .
     .
       -
   ()   - -
  ( 3).
 
 3
  
       
    ,  
   ()   
1,0 /3.
 

 
     3   
   40 ., 150 ., 200 ..
 6.2.3     -
 .
 6.2.3.1  :
 -       
 5,10,20  40     ' 
     300     
     300 ;
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -    ;
 -      24104;
 -  ;
 -     500 3   1770;
 -     10 3   
 0,1   0,2    1770;
 -     23932;
 -   ,   
 1000 .      6139.
 6.2.3.2 ϳ 
 ³        10 
20 ,        
 8269,     5-10  10-20 
' 0,5  2,0 3 .   
300   ,   .
 
 6.2.3.3  
 '      -
   9758.
      
       .6.2.2.3.
 6.2.3.4.      
.6.2.2.4.     25 
    10%   -
 .
      
  ,   .
       -
  25  .
 6.2.4    .
 6.2.4.1  
      -
  ,     -
       ..6.2.2.1
 6.2.3.1.
 6.2.4.2 ϳ 
     ,  
       
  .6.2.2.3  25   , -
    .6.2.3.3.
 6.2.4.3  
 '    ()   -
 ,     () 
   9758.
 '   V  3   :
 (1)
 

 
 n = 3,142; d -  , ; h -  , .
 ij     1,6 .
 6.2.4.4  
     . -
  :
 
 (2)
 
-  "   , 3;
 
 -  '     , 3.
 
     
    10%   -
 .      -
    ,  
.
      
    .
     . -
  :
 
 
 (3)
 
 -  '  , 3;
 
 -  '    , 3.
     25  -
    10%   
.      -
    ,   -
.
       -
   25  .
 6.2.5     
 

       -
  ,     .
 6.2.6      
 6.2.6.1  :
 -      24104;
 -    N 014   6613;
 -     2-1-1840/1920 
  18481;
 -    100  1000 3   1770;
 -     100  1000 3 
  1770;
 -   10  25 3   29251;
 -   9  " "   12026;
 -     4220,    -
  0,2 /3;
 -    1840 /3   4204;
 -    ()    -
 ( )   4208,    -
  0,10 /3;
 -     20490,   
  0,05 /3, ;
 -   ();
 -      83.
 
 6.2.6.2    
       -
 0,2 /3      
1:1.
   40      -
     500-600 3  
   1000 3,     
  " "    
1000 3.        ,
      3000 3.  
    1000 3  
 1840 /3     .
         .
       0,1
/3.
     80     
10003,  500-600 3    20 3 -
   1840 /3.    
 ,      
  1000 3,      
  .      
.
      
        
 0,05 /3.      
100 3  20 3     
 0,05 /3,     
       '-
 . Գ '   ,   
 .
       -
 0,05 /3.
       -
 0,05 /3    .
    
 
     0,2   
100 3       0,2%. 
      
     150 3   -
 0,2%-      ,
        -
     .    -
    .
 6.2.6.3 ϳ 
 ³   ,    
.6.1.6,    100 ,   
   40-50 .   
        
  N 014,      150 .
  4-5 ,      -
 (22  5 .)  .
 6.2.6.4  
    .6.2.6.3     -
  0,2 ,       100 3,
   10 3   .6.2.6.2  -
     0,2 /3, 
.      35 
       .
    ,    5 .
³         .
         
. ϳ      , -
         
 .    8-10  
     0,2%  
       
 0,1 /3 (V1),   .6.2.6.2 
 -   .
  " ".
   " ".   
1000-1100 .   2      
    0,2      
 100 3.      .6.2.6.4.
      ' 
  V,    .
 6.2.6.5  
    ()    
:
 (4)
 
 V - '   ,     10
3    " ", 3; V1-' 
 ,       
  , 3;  -    ,
/3; 0,005181 -       -
 0,5 /3,      ;
m -  , .
       -
    0.1%.
      
   ,   .
       

 
  .
 6.2.7    
 
 6.2.7.1  :
 -  ;
 -      24104;
 -     23932;
 -    25336;
 -     450.
 
 6.2.7.2 ϳ 
 ³ '   2-3  , 
      40-50  .
 
 6.2.7.3  
 ³        -
     .   
  ,      
4-5 .   105 ..
 ϳ      
  ,       0,01 .
 6.2.7.4  
    ()    -
  :
 
 (5)
 
 m1 -    ,    
     , ; m2 -     ,
         , .
      
    0,5%.
      
  ,   .
       -
      .
 6.2.8      -
     427     7502.
 6.2.9     -
 .
 6.2.10     -
   .
 6.2.10.1 .
  ,    
 ,      .
 6.2.10.2 ϳ 
 ³      
.6.1.1.
 6.2.10.3  
      
      
      ( ).
 6.2.10.4  
      ,  
 - ,     9758.
 

 
 7   
 
 7.1     
 ,    .
 7.2      ,
   ,   , -
.
 7.3      -
       -
.
 7.4        
        -
,       .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

  
 (')
 
 
    
     
  
 
 1.    
 
 1.1  
   ,    -
      .6.2.2.1:
     21046.
     14050.
    21286.
 ³ :
 )      
 1270 /3;
 )      , % SiO2
-  10  20; Fe23 -  60  80;   
 3,0  5,0%;
 )       
 , % SiO2 -  45  55; Al2O3 -  15 
45; Fe2O3 -  0,2  5,0; CaO -  0,1  3,0; MgO -  0,1
 3,0; R2O -  0,2  3,0;    -  5,0%.
 1.2 ϳ 
 ³ ' ,     . 6.1.6,
     350 ,     
       .1.
 
  .1
  
------------------------------------------------------------------
| | | |
| |  ꠠ |   |
|| | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1 |  | 0,1  1,0  |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2 | 堠 |  1,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 3 |˳ 頠 |  1,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 4 | 堠 |  1,5 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5 | -"- |  2,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 6. |  | 0,5  1,0  |
| |  蠠 | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 7. | 堠 | 0,5  2,0  |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 8. |-"- | 0,5  3,0  |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| |: | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 9. | |  3,0 |
------------------------------------------------------------------
 

 
   .1
------------------------------------------------------------------
| | | |
| |  ꠠ |   |
|| | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10. | Ѡ |  3,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 11. |  |  10 |
------------------------------------------------------------------
 
         -
,        - 
        .
 ϳ       -
 5-6 ,        -
      16 .
     .
 
 1.3  
     
       .6.2.2.3 
.
 1.4  
      -
       (-
)     ()   
.6.2.2.4  .
 
 2.   
      
    ,    -
,    .1  .
       
..6.2.4.3  6.2.4.4  .
 
 
 
 

  
 ()
 
   
      
 
 .1  
    
 
 
  
 I
  
 I
  
 I
 
-------------->  
 I
г ࠠ <--------- 
-------------->  
 <--------- 
 I
  
 ( )
 I
  
 I
 -
 I
 
 ϳ  󠠠 <-----------
 I
 
 I
 I
   
 
 
 .2  
   
  
 
  
 I
  
 I
 -
 I
 
 ϳ  󠠠 <-------------
 I
 
 I
 I
   
 
 

 
 
 
 
  666.32.006  17
 
 
 
 
 
  :
 
  ,    ,
  ,  , 
 ,  ,  -
  , , .
 
 ̲.
 
  '       
  ,  :
 
 - ""    "S" ;
 - ""    "n";
 -      
 .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
C 
 
 
 
 
  
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
, 1995
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 1 
 
  - 
 - 
     ()
 
 
 2 
 
   ,
    
   
 
 
 3     
 
   
  3  1994 N 65
 
 
 4    5001-87
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       
  ,   
    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 OŠ .
 
 1.   ................................. 4
 
 2.   ................................. 5
 
 3.   .............................. 7
 
 4.     
  ................................................ 9
 
 5.   ..................................... 9
 
 6.   .................................... 10
 
 7.    ........................ 22
 
  
    
     
   ........................................... 23
 
  
     
  -  ........................ 25
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 ²  ϲ
 
 
 
 
 
Building materials
 
CIay raw material for manufacturing of
cIaydite gravel and sand
 
Specifications
 
----------------------------------------------------------------
   1995.01.01
 -----------
 
 
 1  
 
 1.1     
 (  )   (, -
,   )  , 
     ,  
   9757.
 1.2       -
     .
 1.3     
      .
 1.4     .
 
 
----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 

 2.  
 
       
 :
 
  12.0.001-82 | .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  12.1.005-88 | .  -
 |     
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  12.4.028-76 | .  -1 ""
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  83-79 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  427-75 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  450-77 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  1770-74Š |  ,  ,
 | , , ,.
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.3-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.4-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.5-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.6-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.7-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.8-86 |    .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2642.11-86 |    .
 |     
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  3226-77 |  
 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  3594.4-77 |  .
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  4204.-77 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  4208-72 |      
 |  ( ).
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  4220-75 |  .
 |  
------------------------------------------------------------------
 

 5382-91 | .   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 Ҡ 6139-91 |     -
 | .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  6613-86 |     -
 |  .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  7502-90 |   .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  8269-87 |    ,  
 |      -
 | .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  99757-90 |   
 |   .  
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  9758-86 |   
 |   .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  12026-76 |   .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  14050-78 |  .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  18481-81Š |    .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  2490-75 |  .
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 Ҡ 21046-86 |  .
 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.1-81 |  .
 |   .
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.2-81 |  .  
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.3-81 |  .  
 |   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21216.4-81 |  .  
 |  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  21286-82 |    
 | .  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  23932-90Š |    
 | .  
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------

 24104-88Š |     
 | .   
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  25336-82Š |    
 | . ,   
 | 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 Ҡ 29251-91 |   .
 |  1.  .
-----------------------------------------------------------------
  356-91 |     
 | '   
 |    
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 |    
 |    
 | .
 
 3.  
 
  ,     -
       9757 , 
- ,  
 ,    
,  .
 3.1 -   
 :
 -  ( );
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -   ,  .. ;
 -   ;
 -   .
 3.1.1      -
 ,  ,    -
.
 3.2       
   30%.
 3.3      
 1         15%.
 3.4     
   ,    1.
 
  1
  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
| |  ,  堠 |
|   |------------------------------------|
| , 젠 | 堠 |   堠 |
| |  |  |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
| 0,5  1,0 | 5,0 | 3,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|.1,0  5,0 | 3,0 | 2,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|. 5,0 | 2,0 | 1,0 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 3.5      
 ,    2.

 
  2
  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
|  |   |
|  | |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (SiO2) |   70 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (Al2O3) |  10  25 . |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (TiO2) |  0,1  2,0 . |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|   (FeO+Fe2O3) |  2,5  12,0 . |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (CaO) |   6,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  (MgO) |   4,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|     | |
|(K2O+Na2O) |  1,5  6,0 . |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|     | |
| SiO3 |   1,5 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|    | |
| F2 |   0,5 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|    | |
| Cl2 |   1,5 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  |   3,0 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 3.5.1       ,
,         ,
 ,   . 3.5  ,
     
  .
 3.6     
 3.6.1       -
 28%.
 3.6.2       -
   10.
 3.6.3     
          50
..
 3.6.4        
     2,5.
 3.6.5     
    160 .
 3.6.6     
   370 / (1 ).
 3.6.7       -
  .
 3.7    ,   
      ,
    ,   
 .
 3.8       
 

 
     
   - .
 3.9    ,  -
 ,      
   - , 
  9757.
 
 4.     
 
 
 4.1      
  12.1.005 ".   .  -
- "  "  
      -
 ",    -
 ".
 4.2     
 12.0.001.
 4.3       
   . - 
  12.1.005-6 /3,   IV.
 4.4      ,
  .
 4.5       -
         -
    12.1.005.
 4.6        
 .
 4.7      , 
       
  356-91.
 4.8      -
    12.4.028.
 4.9      
    .
 
 5  
 
 5.1       .
    ,  -
      
        -
 .
 5.2      -
 ,       :
 -    ;
 -  , ;
 -  ;
 -  , , ;
 -  ,  ;
 -   , /;
 -    ;
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -     .
 5.3     
       .
 5.4       -
 ,    .

 
 5.5      
 .
 5.6      
   .
 5.7       .
 5.8      -
     .
 5.9      :
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -   ;
 -   ,   
 ;
 -   ;
 -   ;
 -  .
 5.10     
        
      
  ,      .
     
    .
 5.11      -
     
.
 5.12  () -    
      
 ,    :
 - - ;
 -     ;
 -     ;
 -   .
 
 6  
 
 6.1    .
 
 6.1.1      
,       -
       
 .
      - -
       60 .
 6.1.2  ,    -
   .
 6.1.3       -
          12 .
        -
 ,     :
 -   ,    -
     8    
 ,    .
       
   3226;
 -   ,   -
  ,     
       
 ;      
  12;
 

 
 -   ,   -
  ,   4   
  .      1.
 
 1
   
   
  
 
 
 
 
 6.1.4      ,
   3.
 
 
  3
  
-----------------------------------------------------------------
| |     |
|  |------------------------------------------|
|  ᠠ | |  |
| | |------------------------------|
| ||  , 젠 |
| | |------------------------------|
| | | 0-5 | 5-10 | 10-20 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|  ,| 3,0 | 1,5 | 4,0 | 8,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|頠 | 3,0 | 1,5 | 4,0 | 8,0 |
| | | | | |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
|ࠠ | 3,0 | 1,5 | 4,0 | 8,0 |
|---------------------------------------------------------------|
| | 6,0 | 3,0 | 8,0 | 16,0 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------

 
 
 6.1.5       
    .  
,   ,   ,   4
  ,    3.
 6.1.6  ,    
.6.1.5,     ,    
     , -
  ,    -
       ,   
         -
        -
,      .
    ,   :
 -  ;
 -    (, );
 -    ;
 -  ;
 -   ;
 -    ,   .
 
 6.1.7      
    :  5 ;  5  10 ; 
10  20 .
       
,         -
 d ,   85-90%  .  -
     , 2      -
  .
 6.1.8    ,   -
,    1,0-2,0 ,  
     .
  ,      -
   ,   -
       22  5 .
      105 ., -
      N 1   
     ..3.5-3.6.
 
 6.2   
 
 6.2.1    : 
21216.1;  21216.2;  21216.4;  9269;  21216.3;
 2642.3;  2642.8;  2642.11;  5382,  .. -
    3594.4;   
   .
 
 6.2.2    
  .
 

 6.2.2.1  :
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -    ;
 -      
   2;
 -    25336;
 -      24104;
 -     427;
 -     10 , 
  0,1-0,2    1770;
 -   ,   
 1000 .      6139.
 
 6.2.2.2  
   ,   .6.1.6, 
  350 ,    .  
   2-3     
    .   
,  ,   ,  
     ,    -
     .
      , 
 ,     4-5 , 
        ,
 16 .     
( 2).
       -
 22  5 .   5-6 ,    
      
105 ..
 
 6,2,2.3  
      ,
     
   .
 

     
       -
    (200, 300, 400 
500 .)    (1140, 1170, 1200 .);
      7 .
      -
  ,      -
        -
 .
         
   ;    
      9758   
      .
          -
      ,  -
 ,   :
 -     ,  
       2-4%
  ;
 -     10-20 .   
   ;
 -        12  12 
  8  8 .
 
 2
   
 
      
 ,     .
 ,    990  1260 . 
  30 ..   ,  -
,      ,   
    : 990 ., 1020 .,
1050 ., 1080 .  ..   , 
     7 .   
     .    
   ,   10 ..

 
 
 
        
    9758.
      -
    10%.
      -
   ,  .
      
     -
.
      -
,       
    .
         -
  ,      
.
 
 6.2.2.4  
     .
       : -
   ()   
 ( 3).     -
       -
,      () -
   1,0 /3.
     3   
   40, 150  200 ..
 

 3
  
 
 6.2.3     -
 .
 6.2.3.1  :
 -        5;
 10; 20  40      -
      300    -
      300 ;
 -  ;
 -    ;
 -   ;
 -      24104;
 -  ;
 -     500  
  1770;
 -     10   
  0,1-0,2    1770;
 -     23932;
 -   ,   
 1000 .      6139.
 6.2.3.2  
         10 
20 ,       
8269,     5-10  10-20   0,5
 2 3 .    300  -
  .

 
 6.2.3.3  
       
 9758.
      -
       
.6.2.2.3.
 6.2.3.4  
      
.6.2.2.4.
     25 
    10%   
.
      -
   ,  .
      
   25  -
.
 6.2.4    .
 6.2.4.1  
      
 ,    
      ..6.2.2.1 
6.2.3.1.
 6.2.4.2  
     ,  -
       -
  .6.2.2.3  25   , 
   .6.2.3.3.
 6.2.4.3  
     ()   -
 ,     ()  
 9758.
 
    V  3   :
 
 (1)
 
 n = 3,142; d  h-     , .
  1,6 .
 6.2.4.4  
     . 
 :
 
 (2)
  -     , 3;
 
 -     , 3.
 
 
      
   10%.
      
  ,  .
      
     -
.
     . -
  :
 (3)
 
 -    , 3;
 
-    , 3.
 
     25 
    10%   
.      -
    ,  -
.
      
    25 
.
 6.2.5     
      
   ,    -
 .
 6.2.6      -
.
 6.2.6.1  :
 -      24104;
 -    0,14    6613;
 -    2-1-1840/1920  
 18481;
 -    100  1000 3  
 1770;
 -     100  1000  
  1770;
 -   10  25 3   29251;
 -   9  " "   12026;
 -     4220,   -
   0,2 /3;   
 1840 /3   4220;
 -    ()    
 ( )   4208,    -
  0,2 /3;
 -     20490,    -
  0,05 /3, ;
 -  , ;
 -      83;
 
 6.2.6.2    .
      
 0,2 /3      -
 1:1.
   40     
     500-600
3      1000 3 
    " "   
 1000 3.     -
 ,      
3000 3.       1000 
   1840 /3    -
 .        
 .
       
0,1 /3.
     80     -
 1000 3,  500-600 3   
20 3    1840 /3.  -
    ,   
     1000 ,  -
       .
         .
      
        -
 0,05 /3.      -
 100 3     20 3 
     0,05 /3
          
- .     ,
  .
      
 0,05 /3.
      
 0,05 /3   .
    .
     0,2  
 100 3       0,2%.
      -
       150 3
   0,2%-    
 ,     
      . 
     100 3   -
.
 6.2.6.3  
    ,   .6.1.6, -
   100 ,    
  40-50 .     
         0,14,
     105 .  
4-5        22  5 . 
.
 6.2.6.4  
    .6.2.6.3     -
  0,2 ,      
100 3,    10 3  
.6.2.6.2      -
 0,2 /3     .
     35    
   .   -
       5 .
        -
 .      ,  
  .       ,
        
  .    8-10 
      0,2%  -
       
  0,1 /3 (V1),  
.6.2.6.2   -   .
  " ".
   " ".   
1000-1100 .   2      
    0,2     
  100 3.     
.6.2.6.4.       
   V,   .
 6.2.6.5  .
    ()   
 :
 
 (4)
 
 V -    ,   
10 3    " ", 3; V1-
  ,     -
    , 3;  -  -
  , /3; 0,0005181 -     
  0,5 /3,    -
 ; m -   , .
      
    0,1%.
      
   ,  .
      
     -
.
 6.2.7    .
 6.2.7.1  :
 -  ;
 -      24104;
 -     23932;
 -    25336;
 -     450;
 6.2.7.2  .
     2-3  , 
      40-50  .
 6.2.7.3  .
       
     .   
  ,      
 4-5    105 ..
        
     0,01 .
 6.2.7.4  .

  ()   W  
  :
 
 (5)
 
 m1 -    ,   
      , ; m2 -    
        
     , .
      
    0,5%.
      -
   ,  .
      
     -
.
 6.2.8      -
    427     7502.
 6.2.9     
.
 6.2.10     - -
   .
 6.2.10.1 .
  ,    -
 ,      .
 6.2.10.2  .
        .6.1.1.
 6.2.10.3  .
     
      
      ( ).
 6.2.10.4  .
      , -
  - ,   
  9758.
 
 7.   
 
 7.1     
 ,   .
 7.2      , -
    , .
 7.3      -
   ,    
.
 7.4         -
        , -
     .
 
 

 
  
 ()
 
    
     
  
 
 1.    .
 
 1.1  .
   ,   
     .6.2.2.1.
     21046.
     14050.
    21286.
  :
 )     
  1270 /3;
 )      , %: SiO2-
 10  20; Fe2O3 -  60  80;    - 
3,0  5,0%;
 )       
 , %: SiO2 -  45  55; l23 -  15 
45; Fe203 -  0,2  5,0; CaO -  0,1  3,0; MgO - 0,1 
3,0; R2O -  0,2  3,0;     5,0%.
 1.2  .
   ,   .6.1.6, 
    350 ,      -
      .1.
 
  1
  
------------------------------------------------------------------
| | | |
| |  蠠 |   |
|| | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1. | 堠 | 0,5  1,0 . |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 2. | 堠 |  1,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 3. | 頠 |  1,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 4. | 堠 |  1,5 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 5. | -"- |  2,0 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 6. |   | 0,5  1,0 . |
| | 蠠 | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 7. | 堠 | 0,5  2,0 . |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 8. |-"- | 0,5  3,0 . |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| |: | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 9. | |  3,0 |
------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 

   .1
------------------------------------------------------------------
| | | |
| |  蠠 |   |
|| | |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 10. | Ѡ |  30 |
|----------------------------------------------------------------|
| 11. | ࠠ |  10 |
------------------------------------------------------------------
 
         ,
       -  
       .
        -
 5-6 ,        
  ,  16 .
     .
 
 1.3  .
     
       .6.2.2.3 -
 .
 1.4  
      -
        -
   ()    .6.2.2.4 -
 .
 2   
      
     ,   -
,    1  .
      
 .6.2.4.3  6.2.4.4  .
 

 
  
 ()
 
 
   
    - 
 
 .1  
    
 
 
  
 I
  
 I
  
 I
 
--------------->  
 I
 
 ࠠ <----------- 
--------------->  
 I <----------- 
  
 ( )
 I
  
 I
 -
 I
   ࠠ <----------- 
 I
 
 I
 
 I
    
 
 
 
 .2  
   
  
 
  
 I
  
 I
 -
 I
    <----------- 
 I
 
 I
 
 I
   
 

  666.32.006  17
 
 
 
 
 
  :
 
  ,    ,
  ,  , 
 ,   , 
 ,   .
 
 .
 
         
  ,  :
 
 - ""    "S" ;
 - ""    "n";
 -      
 .
: ֻ ( . , . . , 2; /. 249-34-04 )